Breast Cancer – Symptoms And Signs
Breast cancer in its initial, early stage is usually asymptomatic. The patient usually may notices in her self-examination, or by accident, a painless hardness in the area of the breast. Later the symptoms and signs of the disease depend of the local tumor development, of its expansion of the local structures and tissues, as well as of the localization of the distant metastases.
Therefore we distinguish:
- local symptoms
- regional symptoms
- Systematic symptoms.
Local symptoms –are manifested due to the presence of tumor in the breast, including:
- palpable painless hardness (node),
- painfully sensitive hardness,
- implicate the skin over the tumor,
- implicate of the nipple,
- redness of skin,
- laceration (erosion) of the nipple,
- secretion of the nipple (which can be: serous, purulent, lactic and bloody)
- fixity of the breast to the substrate, for the *pectoral) muscle
- Deformation of the breast.
Regional symptoms – may occur due to spread of cancer to the regional lymph nodes. Mostly, the lymph nodes in the armpit are affected with metastases with metastases this can occur:
- painless tumefaction (swelling) in the armpit,
- painfully sensitive tumefaction (swelling) in the armpit,
- Painful sensitivity, numbness or swelling of the arm due to a tumor in the armpit.
Systemic symptoms – are manifested due to the presence of distant metastases in the body, depending upon their location.
In systemic symptoms are included: general weakness and languor, nausea, vomiting, neurological excess, bone pain, wheezing, suffocation, occurrence of jaundice, swelling and more.