Vitamin B3 Helps in Fight of “Bad” Cholesterol, Diabetes and Heart Disease
Vitamin B3 (niacin, nicotinic acid) is part of the vitamin B complex that plays an important role in the metabolic processes of the body. More than 400 enzymes require the vitamin B3 in order of uninterrupted process of metabolic reactions by which it obtains and stores energy in the body. In addition, vitamin B complex is essential for healthy skin, hair and eyes, a healthy liver, and helps in the normal functioning of the nervous system.
A deficiency of vitamin B3
What are the reasons for the deficit?
Lack of vitamin B3 mostly occurs due to improper diet that is low in niacin and tryptophan (an amino acid from which by help of a liver is obtaining niacin).
The reasons that can lead to vitamin B3 deficiency:
- Insufficient intake of vitamin B3 or tryptophan;
- Carcinoid syndrome;
- Morbus Hartnup;
- Prolonged treatment with TB drugs;
- Chronic alcohol consumption;
- Persons connected on dialysis;
- Consumption of certain drugs – antidepressants, immunosuppressant, fluorouracil, carbidopa etc.
- People with malignant diseases;
- People with HIV.
How to recognize a vitamin B3 deficiency?
A mild B3 deficiency can lead to:
- Problems with digestion of food;
- Oral ulcers (sores).
Which groceries are rich in Vitamin B3?
The best way to prevent vitamin B3 deficiency is proper nutrition. Enhance your daily menu with products rich in vitamin B3. Thus not only contributes to improving your health, but in the long term also contributes to solid and shiny hair, as well as for healthy and fresh skin appearance.
The following daily doses of vitamin B3 are recommended according to the age and gender:
- Children (1-13 years) – 2-12mg depending on age
- Teenage girls (14-18 years) – 14mg
- Teens (14-18) – 16mg
- Adult women over 19 years – 14mg
- Adult men over 19 years – 16mg
- Pregnant women – 18mg
Vitamin B3 helps in fight of “bad” cholesterol, diabetes and heart disease
Vitamin B3 may help in:
- Elevated “bad” cholesterol– Studies show that vitamin B3 increases the level of “good” cholesterol, which leads to reduced levels of “bad” cholesterol in the blood.
- Diabetes–In type diabetes 1, the immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas that create insulin by mistake. The vitamin B3 is considered that it protects cells a certain period. When it comes to diabetes type2, the effect of niacin is more complicated. People suffering from this disease often have high cholesterol levels. Vitamin B3 helps to reduce levels of “bad” cholesterol, but it can increase blood sugar. Therefore, before the use of supplements based on vitamin B3, it is required to consult a doctor.
- Heart disease-People who suffer from atherosclerosis and an increased risk of developing heart attack, with vitamin B3 intake they can reduce levels of “bad” cholesterol, thereby slowing down disease progression.
Although still in the exploratory stage, despite the abovementioned medical conditions, vitamin B3 may help in people with Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, osteoarthritis, acne and more.
Attention! Excessive doses of vitamin B3 can cause headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, gastrointestinal problems, liver toxicity, etc… Therefore, before the use of supplements based on vitamin B3, it is necessary to consult a doctor.